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06May2015

ARTsySTEM: The Changing Climates of the Arts and Sciences

This exhibits showcases works of art that share a…

06May2015

The Dorothy and Herbert Vogel Collection: Fifty Works for Fifty States

This exhibit showcases, for the first time, the…

06May2015

Utah Wilderness 50 Photographic Exhibition

This exhibit features 50 photographs that were selected…

11May2015

Little Naturalists: Story Time at Swaner

Little Naturalist is the perfect program for 3 to 5 year…

13May2015

Trusts & Estate Planning

Now is a great time to review your estate plan! Guest…

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Test–taking strategies for true–false tests

Professors tend to emphasize details in true–false questions, which means you must read carefully when answering these questions.

Strategy 1

For a statement to be true, each part must be true. One detail can make an entire statement false.

Jean Piaget made some revolutionary discoveries about child behavior during the nineteenth century.
True – Incorrect. It is true that Piaget made revolutionary child development discoveries. However, Piaget did his research in the twentieth century. Therefore, the answer must be false since all parts are not true.
False – Correct. Piaget did his research in the twentieth century. Even though the other details in the answer are true, this one incorrect detail makes the answer false.

 



Strategy 2

True–false questions may use words called “absolutes” that imply there are no exceptions. Examples of such words are “never”, “always”, “all”, “everyone”, and “only”. These tend to make a statement false – but not always.

Everyone should exercise daily.
True – Incorrect. There are good reasons why certain people should not exercise at all or not exercise daily. The “absolute” term everyone makes this statement false.
False – Correct. The “absolute” term everyone makes this statement false. There are good reasons why certain people should not exercise at all or not exercise daily.

 

All types of cars have some kind of engine.
True – Correct. All cars have some type of engine (such as diesel or gasoline internal combustion, or carbureted versus fuel-injected) to enable them to be in motion. In this answer, the "absolute" term all is modified (allows for exceptions) by the "qualifier some, to make this answer true.
False – Incorrect. All cars must have some type of engine to enable them to be in motion. In this answer, the “absolute” term all is modified (allows for exceptions) by the “qualifier” some, to make this answer true. This question is a good example of an exception to the test-taking hint that “absolutes” tend to make a statement false.

 



Practice:

Cross out the negative words in the following sentences and rewrite them. After they are removed, identify whether the positive statement is true or false.


It is not true that organically grown apples are unhealthy.
True – Correct.
False – Incorrect.
Remember: with a test question that contains double negatives:
1. cross the negative words out
2. rewrite the statement
3.determine if the statement is true.
Answer:
It is not true that organically grown apples are unhealthy.
It is true that organically grown apples are healthy.
It is generally accepted that this is true.

 

Cross out the negative words in the following sentences and rewrite them. After they are removed, identify whether the positive statement is true or false.


It is unprovable that there is life in outer space.
True – Incorrect.
False – Correct.
Remember: with a test question that contains double negatives:
1. cross the negative words out
2. rewrite the statement
3.determine if the statement is true.
Answer:
It is unprovable that there is life in outer space.
It is provable that there is life in outer space.
It is possible to prove that there is life in outer space, considering our technology and space exploration. Therefore, the statement “it is unprovable” is false.