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Test–taking strategies for true–false tests

Professors tend to emphasize details in true–false questions, which means you must read carefully when answering these questions.

Strategy 1

For a statement to be true, each part must be true. One detail can make an entire statement false.

True False Jean Piaget made some revolutionary discoveries about child behavior during the
nineteenth century.

 



Strategy 2

True–false questions may use words called “absolutes” that imply there are no exceptions. Examples of such words are “never”, “always”, “all”, “everyone”, and “only”. These tend to make a statement false – but not always.

True False Everyone should exercise daily.
True False All types of cars have some kind of engine.

 

“Qualifiers” such as “usually”, “sometimes", “often” can tend to make a statement true since they allow for exceptions. However, not always.


Example 1: Children sometimes have emotional problems following their parents' divorce.

The qualifier sometimes makes this statement true. It is allowing for exceptions, not stating that children always have emotional problems following their parents' divorce.


Example 2: The word steep is usually used as a verb.

The qualifier “usually” makes this statement false. The qualifier usually indicates that, more often than not, steep is used as a verb (i.e., to steep tea). However, it more frequently is used as an adjective (i.e., steep hill).




Strategy 3

Adding “negatives”, words like not, can make statements challenging but not necessarily false.


California is not a state in Canada. True

It is not true that Canada is north of the U.S. False




Strategy 4

Remember that two negatives (double negatives)make a positive.


Aspirin is not an illegal drug means
Aspirin is a legal drug.




Practice:

Cross out the negative words in the following sentences and rewrite them. After they are removed, identify whether the positive statement is true or false.


True False It is not true that organically grown apples are unhealthy.
True False It is unprovable that there is life in outer space.

 

Now go to the Practice Test to put these strategies to use.