Effective test preparation includes:

c. attending and participating in all classes

Correct. Professors typically use class time to elaborate on concepts presented in your assigned text reading. They do this through lecture; verbal, visual, and auditory examples; class discussion; and presenting handouts or other study aids. Many professors specify what information you will be responsible for knowing for your tests. They may even conduct test reviews during class time or announce out-of-class study sessions. Attending and participating in each class is the best way to ensure that you know how to prepare for your exams.