Voting takes place only in the Senate in Rome during a hiems. Only those present may vote, though a player may use the votes transferred to him by another. In all Senate legislation (except caedes), a simple majority of votes cast determines the outcome. Players may abstain from voting, in which case their suffragia do not affect the outcome of the vote, except in the case of caedes. In the event of ties Venus' will determines the outcome..
Voting proceeds in the following manner. At the start of every hiems there will be a brief period (its exact length to be determined by the will of Venus), during which those in Rome nominate individuals for consulship (high executive office) The Senate then holds a voice vote for consulship wherein the two individuals who receive the loudest acclaim, as determined by Venus, are designated that year's consuls. Voting takes place by a simple head count of senatores. Each consul is then allowed to introduce one piece of legislation upon which the senatores present may vote.
The Senate can engage in four (4) types of legislation, all of which are announced and executed by Mars. Like all players not killed by an imperator, rex or patronus, players facing death because of any of the measures cited below may appeal to Dionysus to make them bacchants.
- Imperium (Legionary Command): The Senate may reassign any or all of one imperator's legiones curiales to another imperator or senator.
- Proscriptio (Formal Condemnation): The Senate may impose a death sentence on an imperator, senator or matrona. If the proscribed player is in Rome, s/he is summarily executed. If the proscribed player is outside Rome at the time of the proscriptio, s/he is sanctioned and may enter Rome only upon pain of death. This sanction is represented by the signum proscriptionis (red band) which all proscribed players must wear. Any legiones curiales in the player’s possession at the time the proscriptio is announced become the property of Mars. Otherwise, proscribed players may dispose of their transferrable properties at will. A proscriptio may not be imposed upon a rex.
- Restitutio (Removing a Proscriptio): The Senate may vote to lift a proscriptio, allowing a player to enter Rome. No reparations will be made for any losses incurred during the proscriptio.
- Caedes (Assassination): The Senate may vote to assassinate any mortal player. The vote must be unanimous, with no senator abstaining. After a vote of caedes, Mars/Phobos/Deimos announces the Senate's decree to the individual designated for assassination, wherever that player is at the moment, and confiscates all the legiones (curiales and clientarum) in that player's possession. The player may keep or dispose of his/her other transferrable properties at will.
Salus populi suprema est lex (The safety of the people is the highest law)