HIST/ARTH 3110
Ancient Near East
©Damen, 2013
COURSE DESCRIPTION
SYLLABUS
COURSE OUTLINE
SLIDES
PROJECTS

A Guide to Writing in History and Classics

 

HIST/ARTH 3110
Course Outline
Damen

[Readings cited as "Texts" are from your textbooks: W.H. Stiebing, Ancient Near Eastern History And Culture (henceforth "WHS"); and Pritchard, The Ancient Near East: Volume 1 (henceforth "Pritchard"). Those cited as "Articles" are on electronic reserve.]

SECTION 1
SECTION 2
SECTION 3
SECTION 4
SECTION 5
SECTION 6
SECTION 7
SECTION 8
SECTION 9
SECTION 10
 

Section 1: Prehistory (down to ca. 3000 BCE)
Assignment due: Summary Paper
***** Mandatory Recitation: Thursday, September 12, in class *****

General Geography and Chronology of the Near East
The Mesolithic, Neolithic and Chalcolithic periods
(Al-)Ubaid Culture
Jemdet Nasr Culture
The Unification of Ancient Egypt

Principal Items to be covered in this Section of the class:

Sites: Jericho, Çatal Hüyük, Al-Ubaid, Uruk, Jemdet Nasr, Abydos, Hierakonpolis, Qustal
Architecture: The Ur Temple, The White Temple
Artifacts: The Eanna Vase (Uruk Vase), The Narmer Palette, The Abydos Frieze
Documents: The Turin Royal Canon

 

Readings for this Section of the class
Texts: • WHS: 1-53, 117-136
Articles: • F.A. Hassan, "The Origins of the Egyptian Civilization: A Working Model";
• A. Gardiner, "The Land, Its Neighbours, and Resources" (in Egypt of the Pharaohs);
• J.R. Harris, "The Calendars and Chronology" (in The Legacy of Egypt);
• D. Schmandt-Besserat, "Tokens" (in How Writing Came About);
• D. Collon, "Seals in the Ancient Near East" and "The Evidence of the Designs" (in Interpreting the Past: Near Eastern Seals);
• J.N. Postgate, "Mesopotamia: the land and the life" (in Early Mesopotamia: Society and economy at the dawn of history)
• J.N. Postgate, "Water and land" (in Early Mesopotamia: Society and economy at the dawn of history)

 

Terms, People, Places and Things to know for Section 1 (Prehistory)
***Items marked with an asterisk can be found in assignments based on WHS. If you have problems locating the terms in your reading, look in the index at the back of WHS (pp. 390ff.). Asterisked items may appear on Pre-Tests (see above). Other items will be covered during in-class lectures.***

Introduction to the ANE

*Zagros Mountains
*Taurus Mountains
*Tigris River
Lake Van
*Euphrates River
Al-Jazirah
*Irrigation
Salinization
*Assyria
*Akkad(ian)
*Sumer(ian)
*Archaeology
"Recovered History"
*Chronology
Mesopotamian Prehistory

*Neolithic Age
*V. Gordon Childe
*"The Neolithic Revolution"
*Jericho
*Kathleen Kenyon
Bitumen
Excarnation
*Çatal Hüyük
*Chalcolithic Age
*(Al-)Ubaid 1-4
*Eridu (Culture)
Buttresses
Ur Temple
"Lizard-Headed Statuettes"
*Hassuna
*Samarra
*Halaf
Tel Arpachiyah
Max Mallowan
*Uruk/Warka/Erech
*Pictographs
*Cylinder Seals
*Jemdet Nasr
Uruk Vase
Bibru
*Inanna
*Tammuz/Dumuzi
"Lady of Uruk"
Egyptian Prehistory

*Upper Egypt
*Lower Egypt
*Libya (Libyan Desert)
*Nubia
*Cataract
*Merimde (Beni Salama)
*Hierakonpolis
*Nagada/Naqada
*Abydos
*Faiyum/Fayyum
*Badarian
*Amratian (Naqada I)
*Gerzean (Naqada II)
Libyan Palette
*(King) Scorpion Macehead
*White Crown
*Red Crown
*Narmer
*Narmer Palette
Serekh
*Horus
*Seth
Qustal
Egyptian Chronology

*Sed Festival (heb-sed)
*Abydos Frieze of Seti I
     (Abydos Table of Kings)
*Cartouche
*Palermo Stone
*Turin Royal Canon
*Manetho
*Horus Name
*Two Ladies Name
     (Nebty Name)
Horus of Gold Name
     (Golden Horus Name)
*Dynasties


Section 2: Sumer and The Old Kingdom of Egypt (ca. 3000-2300 BCE)
Assignments due: Reaction, Section 1; First Essay

Early Dynastic Sumer
Unification of Egypt and The Old Kingdom
Early Writing

Principal Items to be covered in this Section of the class:

Sites: Ur, Kish, Lagash, Girsu, Umma, Memphis, Saqqara, Giza
Architecture: The Square Temple, The Oval Temple, The Royal Cemetery of Ur, The Pyramids, The Sphinx
Artifacts: The Standard of Ur, The Stele of the Vultures
Documents: The Sumerian Kinglists, The Deluge, The Tradition of Seven Lean Years in Egypt, The Pyramid Texts

 

Readings for this Section of the class
Texts:

• WHS: 39-68, 117-149;
• Pritchard: 24-30


Articles: • S.N. Kramer, "Mythology of Sumer and Akkad" (in Mythologies of the Ancient World);
• H. Frankfort, "The Early Dynastic Period" (in The Art and Architecture of the Ancient Orient);
• J.N. Postgate, "The temple" (in Early Mesopotamia: Society and economy at the dawn of history);
• K. Jackson and J. Stamp, "Chapter 7, The Origins of Modern Egyptology" and "Chapter 8, Egyptology Comes of Age" (in Building the Great Pyramid);
• K. Jackson and J. Stamp, "Chapter 9, Pyramidology, Heretics, Mystics, and Cranks" (in Building the Great Pyramid);
• A.J. Spencer, "Chapter 4: The Early Dynasties" (in Early Egypt: The Rise of Civilisation in the Nile Valley)


Terms, People, Places and Things to know for Section 2 (Sumer and Old Kingdom Egypt)

Sumer I

*Sumerians
"Agglutinative Language"
*(Sumerian) King-List(s)
*Lugal
*Ensi
*Antediluvian (pre-Deluge)Kings
*Kengir League
*Kish
*"King of Kish"
*Nippur
*ED I
*ED II
*Enma-baragesi
Abu
*Enlil
Tell Asmar
Square Temple
"Bent-Axis"
Baetyl
Kaunakes
Hierarchical Perspective
Sumer II

*ED III (A/B)
*Gilgamesh
Oval Temple
*Elam
*Royal Cemetery/Tombs
*Leonard Woolley
*Mes-kalam-dug (PG 755)
*Pu-abi
*"Ram in the Thicket"
*Standard of Ur
*Ur
The First Dynasty of Ur
*Lagash
Girsu (El Hibbeh)
*Eannatum
*Lugalzagezi
*Umma
*"Stele of the Vultures"
Boundary Stones
*Edin
Old Kingdom Egypt

*Menes
*Memphis
*Dynasty 0
*Sinai
A Group
*Peribsen
*Khasekhem
*Djoser (Netjerykhet)
*Imhotep
*Cheops/Khufu
*Re/Ra
*Pepy/Pepi II
*Vizier
C Group
Kermah
Harem Conspiracy
Pyramids

Mennufer
*Step Pyramid at Saqqara
*Mastaba
*Snefru
*Meidum
Bent Pyramid
*Giza
*Great Pyramid (Akhet-khufu)
*Chephren/Khafre
*Sphinx


Section 3: Akkad and The Middle Kingdom of Egypt (2300-1900 BCE)
Assignment due: Reaction, Section 2

The Akkadian Conquest
The Third Dynasty of Ur
The First Intermediate Period and the Middle Kingdom of Egypt

Principal Items to be covered in this Section of the class:

Sites: Agade, Abla, Thebes, Deir-el-Bah(a)ri, Punt, Faiyum (Fayyum)
Architecture: The Palace at Tell Asmar, The Ziggurat of Ur, The Mortuary Temple of Mentuhotep
Artifacts: The Bust of Sargon, The Victory Stele of Naram-Sin, The Gudea Statues, The Ur-Nammu Stele, The Statue of Sennuwy, The Bust of a Middle-Kingdom Princess
Documents: The (Birth) Legend of Sargon, Akkadian Observations on Life, The Tale of Sinuhe, Egyptian Execration Texts, The Prophesy of Nefer-Rohu (Nerferti), The Lamentation Over the Destruction of Ur (WHS, p. 84)

 

Readings for this Section of the class
Texts: • WHS: 39-42, 49-52, 69-95, 150-164;
• Pritchard: 5-11, 85-86, 225-226, 250-257
Articles: • A.K. Grayson and D.B. Redford, ". . .in the Stories of Those Who Were Aforetime," (in Papyrus and Tablet);
• M. Lichtheim, "Literary Genres and Literary Styles" (in Ancient Egyptian Literature);
• W.S. Smith, "Part Three: The Growth of the Middle Kingdom and Its Collapse" (in The Art and Architecture of Ancient Egypt);
• D. Collon, "Cylinder Seals in History, Periods I-III" (in First Impressions: Cylinder Seals in the Ancient Near East);
• A. Erman, "Literature" (in Life in Ancient Egypt);
• A. Erman, "Learning" (in Life in Ancient Egypt);
• H.J. Nissen, "The Period of the First Territorial States"


Terms, People, Places and Things to know for Section 3 (Akkad and Middle Kingdom Egypt)

Akkadians

*Akkadians
*Semitic/Semites
*Sargon (Sharru-kin)
*Ishtar
*Agade
*Ebla (Tell Mardik)
"Empire Period"
*Enheduanna
*Rimush
*Manishtusu
*Naram-Sin
*Lullubi
*Guti (Gutian People)
Palace at Tell Asmar
*Bronze Head of an
Akkadian King (Sargon?)
*Victory Stele of Naram-Sin
*Shamash
Akkadian inscriptions
Monumentality

The Third Dynasty of Ur

*Gudea of Lagash
*Gudea statues
*Utuhegal of Uruk
*Ur-Nammu
*Third Dynasty of Ur
*Ziggurat of Ur
Ur-Nammu Stele
*Shulgi
*Amar-Sin
*Ibbi-Sin
*Ishbi-Erra
Middle Kingdom Egypt

*Herakleopolis
*Nomarchs
*Mentuhotep II
*Mentuhotep III
*Mortuary Temple of Mentuhotep
*Deir-el-Bah(a)ri
*Punt
*Execration Texts
Hekanakht
*The Prophesy of Neferti
*Amenemhet/Ammenemes I
*Amun
*Karnak
*Itjtawy
*Senusret/Sesostris I
*Co-regency
Waret
*Osiris
*The Tale/Story of Sinuhe


Section 4: The Old Babylonians and The Second Intermediate Period of Egypt (1900-1600 BCE)
Assignment due: Reaction, Section 3

The Rise of the Amorites
The Isin-Larsa Period
The Old Assyrian Kingdom
Hammurabi
The Hyksos

Principal Items to be covered in this Section of the class:

Sites: Babylon, Mari, Isin, Larsa, As(s)hur, Kanesh (Kültepe), Avaris
Architecture: The Palace of Zimri-Lim at Mari
Artifacts: Law-Code Stele of Hammurabi, The Investiture Fresco
Documents: The Laws of Eshnunna, The Code of Hammurabi, Enuma Elish, The Hymn to Ishtar, The Mari Letters

 

Readings for this Section of the class
Texts: • WHS: 62-66, 92-108, 164-172;
• Pritchard: 133-167, 231-233, 260-262
Articles:

• A. Heidel, "Enuma Elish," (in The Babylonian Genesis);
• E.A.Wallis Budge, "Chapter 6: The Decipherment of Egyptian Hieroglyphics" (in The Rosetta Stone);
• G. Robins, "Royal women and queenship" and "Queens, power, and the assumption of kingship" (in Women in Ancient Egypt);
• W.V. Davies, "The Language" and "The Scripts" (in Egyptian Hieroglyphics);
• A. Erman, "Chapter 8: Family Life" (in Life in Ancient Egypt);
• A. Erman, "Chapter 9: The House" (in Life in Ancient Egypt);
• A. Erman, "Chapter 10: Dress" (in Life in Ancient Egypt)
• J. Bottéro, Chapter 10: "The 'Code' of Hammurabi" in Mesopotamia: Writing, Reasoning, and the Gods

• J. Bourriau, "Chapter 8: The Second Intermediate Period" (in The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt, ed. I. Shaw)


Terms, People, Places and Things to know for Section 4 (Old Babylonians)

Old Babylonians I

*Amorite(s)
*Babylon
*Mari
*Isin
*Larsa
"Isin-Larsa Period"
*Aleppo
Subartu
*As(s)hur
*Shamshi-Adad I
*Karum
Cappadocia
*Kanesh (Kültepe)
Old Babylonians II

*Zimri-Lim
Palace at Mari
"Investiture Fresco"
*Hammurabi
*Old Babylonian (language)
*Marduk
*The Poem/Epic of Creation
*Law-Code (Stele) of Hammurabi
*Mushkenum
*Samsu-iluna
The Hyksos

Medjay
*Hyksos
*Josephus (Against Apion)
*Hekua + Khowse/Khasut
*Avaris (Tell ed-Dab'a)
*Levant (the Syro-Palestinian area)


Section 5: Disorder in Mesopotamia (1600-1200 BCE)
Assignments due: Reaction, Section 4; First ABWS

Fringe Civilizations: Mitanni, Yamhad, Sea-Land Dynasty
The Sack of Babylon
The Kassite Period
The Middle Assyrian Kingdom
The Hittites

Principal Items to be covered in this Section of the class:

Sites: Hattusas, Ebla, Dur-Kurigalzu, As(s)hur, Car-Tukulti-Ninurta
Architecture: The Ishtar Temple
Artifacts: Yazilikaya reliefs, Kudurru, The Cult-Pedestal of Tukulti-Ninurta I
Documents: The Telepinus Myth, Treaty Between Hattusilis II and Ramesses II (WHS, pp. 210)

 

Readings for this Section of the class
Texts: • WHS: 108-114, 205-218, 227-231;
• Pritchard: 87-91
Articles: • O.R. Gurney, "Literature"and "Religion" (in The Hittites);
• D. Collon, "Trade and Diplomacy: the 2nd Millennium BC" (in Ancient Near Eastern Art);
• H.W.F. Saggs, "Kassite Kings" (in Babylonians);
• A.L. Oppenheim, "Religion (Chapter 4)" (in Ancient Mesopotamia);
• J. Bottéro, Chapter 1: "In Defense of a Useless Science" in Mesopotamia: Writing, Reasoning, and the Gods;
• J. Bottéro, Chapter 2: "Assyriology and Our History" in Mesopotamia: Writing, Reasoning, and the Gods;
• J. Bottéro, Chapter 3: "A Century of Assyriology" in Mesopotamia: Writing, Reasoning, and the Gods;
• G. Beckham, "From Hattusa to Carchemish: The Latest on Hittite History"


Terms, People, Places and Things to know for Section 5 (Disorder in Mesopotamia)

Kassites and Hittites I

*Hurrians
*Mitanni
*Yamhad
Orthostates
*Sealand (Dynasty)
*Kassites
Dur-Kurigalzu
*Kudurru
*Hittite/s
*Nesite/s
*"Hatti"
*Hattusili(s) I
*Mursili(s) I
Hittites II and Middle Assyrians

*Tudhali(y)a(s) I
*Suppiluliuma(s) I
*Muwatalli(s) II
*Battle of Qadesh
*Yazilikaya
*Ass(h)ur (Assyria)
*Adad-Nirari I
*Shalmanezer I
*Tukulti-Ninurta I
Car-Tukulti-Ninurta
*Tiglath-Pileser I
Ishtar Temple


Section 6: The New Kingdom of Egypt (1500-1200 BCE)
Assignments due: Midterm Essay; Reaction, Section 5; Project Prospectus

The Rise of Imperial Egypt
Akhenaten and Egyptian Monotheism
The Ramessids

Principal Items to be covered in this Section of the class:

Sites: Akhetaten (El-Amarna), Karnak, Valley of the Kings, Pi-Ramesse, Qadesh
Architecture: Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut, Ramesseum, Abu Simbel
Artifacts: Akhenaten reliefs, artifacts from Tutankhamun's Tomb, Abydos Frieze of Seti I
Documents: The Expulsion of the Hyksos, The "Annals" of Tuthmosis III, Praise of Pi-Ramesse, Hymn to the Aton, The Amarna Letters

 

Readings for this Section of the class
Texts: • WHS: 165-168, 173-204, 218-220;
• Pritchard: 173-183, 226-230, 258-259, 262-277
Articles: • M. Liverani, "'Irrational' Elements in the Amarna Trade";
• M. Liverani, "Pharaoh's Letters to Rib-Adda";
• P.J. Frandsen, "Egyptian Imperialism";
• W.Y. Adams, "The Viceroyalty of Kush" (in Nubia: Corridor to Africa);
• J.H. Taylor, "Nubia in the Egyptian New Kingdom" (in Egypt and Nubia);
• D.B. Redford, "Chapter Nine: The Spiritual Milieu of Akhenaten's Reaction" and "Chapter Ten: The Object of Akhenaten's Worship" (in Akhenaten: The Heretic King);
• C. Aldred, "Chapter 17: The Amarna Letters" and "Chapter 21: The Heresy" (in Akhenaten King of Egypt)
• P. Green, "The Treasures of Egypt"


Terms, People, Places and Things to know for Section 6 (New Kingdom Egypt)

New Kingdom Egypt I

*Kamose
*Ahmose
*Ugarit
*Amenhotep/Amenophis I
*Tuthmosis/Thutmose I
*Tuthmosis/Thutmose II
*Hatshepsut
*Senenmut
*Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut
*Tuthmosis/Thutmose III
"Annals"
*Battle of Megiddo
*Amenhotep II
New Kingdom Egypt II

*El-Amarna Tablets/Letters
"Brother of the King"
*Byblos
Rib-adda
*Amurru
*Canaan
Apu
*Habiru/Hapiru
*Tuthmosis/Thutmose IV
*Amenhotep III
*Tiy(e)
*Ay
*Amenhotep IV
*Akhenaton/Akhenaten
*El-Amarna
*Amarna Period
Re-Horakte
*Aton/Aten
Ankh
*Uraeus
*Akhetaton/Akhetaten
*Nefertiti
New Kingdom Egypt III

*Smenkhare
*Tutankhaton/Tutankhaten
*Tutankhamun
*Howard Carter
*Horemheb
*Ptah
*Ram(es)ses I
*Seti I
*Ram(es)ses II
*Pi-Ramesse
*Abu-Simbel
*Ramesseum
Ozymandias


Section 7: The Dark Age: The Sea-Peoples, the Third Intermediate Period of Egypt and the Early Israelites (1200-900 BCE)
Assignment due: Reaction, Section 6

The Sea-Peoples
The Aramaeans
The Rise of the Israelite State
Ancient Israelite Religion

Principal Items to be covered in this Section of the class:

Sites: Deir-al-Medinah, Jerusalem
Architecture: The First Temple (of Solomon)
Artifacts: The Sea-Peoples Frieze, The Megiddo Ivory, Stele of the Weather-god
Documents: Ramses III's Inscription, The Israel Stele (Merneptah's Victory Stele; WHS, p. 221), The Moabite Stone (Victory Stele of Mesha; WHS, p. 269), Canaanite and Aramaic Inscriptions, Hittite Suzerainty Treaty, The Journey of Wen-Amon to Phoenicia

 

Readings for this Section of the class
Texts: • WHS: 220-274, 303-311;
• Pritchard: 185-187, 209-224, 231
Articles: • E. Zangger, "Who Were the Sea People?";
• N.K. Sandars, "The Crisis in the East Mediterranean," (in The Sea Peoples);
• R. de Vaux, "The Religion of the Patriarchs" (in The Early History of Israel);
• R. de Vaux, "The Religion of Moses" (in The Early History of Israel);
• Y. Kaufmann, "Israelite Religion" (in The Religion of Israel);
• H. Ringgren, "God" (in Israelite Religion);
• H. Ringgren, "The Cult" (in Israelite Religion);
• T.H. Gaster,"The Religion of the Canaanites" (in Ancient Religions);
• H.H. Nelson, "The Egyptian Temple," A.L. Oppenheim, "The Mesopotamian Temple," and G.E. Wright, "The Temple in Palestine-Syria" (in Biblical Archaeologist Reader I);
• H.W.F. Saggs, "Aramaean and Other Migrations" and "The Aramaic Language and Ancient Libraries" (in Babylonians);
• Jean Soler, "Why Monotheism";
• D.C. Snell, "Syria-Palestine in Recent Research";
• M. Douglas, "The Abominations of Leviticus"

Terms, People, Places and Things to know for Section 7 (The Dark Age)

Late Egypt

*Israelite Stele (Merneptah's Victory Stele)
*Merneptah
*Sea-Peoples
*Sherden/Shardana
*Lukka
*Ekwesh/Akawasha
*Teresh/Tursha
*Shekelesh
*Ram(es)ses III
*Ram(es)ses III's Temple Relief (WHS, p.223)
*Peleset/Philistine(s)
*Tjeker
*Denyen
*Wesh(m)esh
*Alashiya
*Neo-Hittites
*Aramaean(s)/Aramaic
Seti II
Viceroy of Kush
Deir-al-Medinah
*Amun priesthood
Tomb Robberies
*Wenamun (Wen-Amon)
Mysticism
*Sheshonq I

Ancient Israelite Religion

"Ancient Hebrew Scriptures"
*J
*E
*El
*Ba'al
*P
D
*Deuteronomy
*Henotheism
Monolatry
*Monotheism
*Moabite Stone (Victory Stele of Mesha, WHS p.269)
*Chemosh/Kemosh
*Mesha
*The First Temple (Solomon's Temple)
Ulam
Hekal
Devir
*Cherub(im)
Megiddo Ivory
Canaanite Temple at Hazor
*Asherah (Asherah)



Section 8: The Neo-Assyrians (900-600 BCE)
Assignments due: Reaction, Section 7; Draft of Research Paper

The Rise of the Neo-Assyrian Empire
The Pax Assyriaca

Principal Items to be covered in this Section of the class:

Sites: Nimrud (Kal[k]hu), Fort Shalmanezer, Dur-Sharukkin (Khorsabad), Nineveh
Architecture:

The Northwest Palace, Sargon's Palace at Khorsabad, The North Palace of Ass(h)urbanipal III

Artifacts: Lamasu Orthostates, The Black Obelisk, The Balawat Gate, The Nimrud Reliefs of Tiglath-Pileser III, The Khorsabad Reliefs, The Nineveh Reliefs, The Lionhunt Reliefs
Documents: Assyrian Campaign Records

 

Readings for this Section of the class
Texts: • WHS: 234-254, 275-292;
• Pritchard: 170-172, 188-202
Articles: • H. Frankfort, "The Late Assyrian Period" (in The Art and Architecture of the Ancient Orient);
• J.M. Russell, "The Message of Sennacherib's Palace" and "Palace Without Rival" (in Sennacherib's Palace Without Rival at Nineveh);
• D.C. Snell, "Trends and Implications" (in Life in the Ancient Near East);
• D.C. Snell, "Appendix: Theories of Ancient Economies and Societies" (in Life in the Ancient Near East);
• A.L. Oppenheim, "Learning (Chapter 6)" (in Ancient Mesopotamia);
• S.J. Garfinkle, "The Assyrians: A New Look at an Ancient Power"


Terms, People, Places and Things to know for Section 8 (Neo-Assyrians)

The Neo-Assyrians I

*Tukulti-Ninurta II
*Ass(h)urnasirpal II
Razzia
*Kal[k]hu (Nimrud)
Austen Henry Layard
Hormuz Rassam
Loftus Ivories
Northwest Palace
Lamasu
*Shalmaneser III
*Black Obelisk
Fort Shalmaneser
Balawat Gate (Imgur-Bel)
*Shamshi-Adad V
*Adad-nirari III
*Sammuramat/Semiramis
*Shalmaneser IV
*Ass(h)ur-Dan III
*Ass(h)ur-nirari V
The Neo-Assyrians II

*Tiglath-Pileser III
*Urartu/Urartians
Nimrud Reliefs
*Sargon II
*Merodach-baladan
*Dur-Sharukkin (Khorsabad)
Paul Emile Botta
Khorsabad Palace Reliefs
*Sennacherib
*Nineveh
"Theme Rooms"
*Til Barsip
The Neo-Assyrians III

*Esarhaddon
*Taharqa
*Bit-reduti
*Ass(h)urbanipal III
The North Palace
*Lionhunt Reliefs (WHS, p. 291)
The Til Tuba Relief
The Garden-Party Relief
*Medes
*Phoenicians
Pazuzu
*Limmu


Section 9: The Neo-Babylonians, The Babylonian Captivity and the Persians (600-300 BCE)
Assignment due: Reaction, Section 8

The Fall of Assyria and the Rise of the Chaldaean Babylonians
The Babylonian Captivity
The Later Ancient Near East

Principal Items to be covered in this Section of the class:

Sites: Babylon
Architecture: The Ishtar Gate, Procession Street (The Processional Way), The ("Southern") Palace of Nebuchadnezzar, Entemenaki, Esagila, The Hanging Gardens
Artifacts: The Stele of Merodach-baladan (Marduk-apal-iddina)
Documents: Babylonian Campaign Records

 

Readings for this Section of the class
Texts: • WHS: 234-238, 292-309, 312-319;
• Pritchard: 202-208
Articles: • H.W.F. Saggs, "The Neo-Babylonian Empire" (in Babylonians);
• J. Oates, "The Neo-Babylonian Dynasty, etc." (in Babylon);
• J. Oates, "The Legacy of Babylon" (in Babylon);
• B. Kuklick, "Orientalists and Their Civilizations" and "Conclusion" (in Puritans in Babylon);
• J.N. Postgate, "Household and family" (in Early Mesopotamia: Society and economy at the dawn of history);
• E. Guralnick, "Greece and the Near East: Art and Archaeology"


Terms, People, Places and Things to know for Section 9 (Neo-Babylonians)

 

The Neo-Babylonians

*Chaldeans (Kaldû)
Chaldaei
*Nabo-nassar
Stele of Merodach-baladan
*Nabopolassar
*Cyaxares
*Nebuchadnezzar
*Sack of Jerusalem (June 586)
*Babylonian Captivity (Babylonian Exile)
*Walls of Babylon
*Ishtar Gate
*Procession Street (The Processional Way)
*Palace of Nebuchadnezzar ("Southern Palace")
*Hanging Gardens
*Entemenaki
*Esagila (Temple of Marduk)
*Nabonidus
*Belshazzar
*Persians

 


Section 10: Mesopotamian and Biblical Literature
Assignments due: Reaction, Section 9; Individual Project/s; Second Annotated Bibliography/WebSearch; Research Paper

The Old Testament in its Historical and Literary Context

Principal Items to be covered in this Section of the class:

Documents: The Creation Epic (Enuma Elish); The Epic of Gilgamesh

 

Readings for this Section of the class
Texts: • WHS: 49-53, 102-104;
• Pritchard: 31-75, "The Creation Epic" and "The Epic of Gilgamesh" [click here for links to a full text of Enuma Elish (the Babylonian Story of Creation), along with links to other translations];
• A. George (trans.), The Epic of Gilgamesh (Penguin, 2000);
• Damen, web site on Ancient Literature and Language, Chapter 2 on The Epic of Gilgamesh (click here)
Articles: • C.H. Gordon, "Canaanite Mythology" (in Mythologies of the Ancient World);
• T.H. Gaster, "The Comprehensive Poem of Baal" (in Thespis);
• S.N. Kramer, "The Poetry of Sumer: Repetition, Parallelism, Epithet, Simile" (in The Sacred Marriage Rite);
• S.N. Kramer,"The Sacred Marriage and Solomon's Song of Songs" (in The Sacred Marriage Rite);
• W.G. Lambert, "A New Look at the Babylonian Background of Genesis";
• C. Loew, "The Emergence of the Cosmological Conviction," (in Myth, Sacred History, and Philosophy)
• J. Bottéro, Chapter 15: "The Mythology of Death" in Mesopotamia: Writing, Reasoning, and the Gods

Terms, People, Places and Things to know for Section 10 (Mesopotamian Literature)

  Mesopotamian Literature

Cultural Adaptation
*Repetitive Parallelism
*Progressive Specification
*Incremental Repetition
*Enuma Elish
*Creation Stories (Cosmology)
Lahmu/Lahamu
*An(shar)/*Ki(shar)
*Marduk
*Tiamat
*Primeval Ocean (Primal Waters)
Tohu/Vohu
*Tehom (Tehom)
Storm-god(s)
Sapparu
Division of the Waters
Creation of Humankind
*Epic
*The Epic of Gilgamesh
*Gilgamesh
*Enkidu
*Adom
*Nephilim (Nephilim)
"Seventy Sons of El and Asherah"
*The Acculturation of Man
Inbu
*Utan(a)pishti(m)
*Walls of Uruk
"demythologizes, historicizes, moralizes"
   
 


***** FINAL EXAM: Tuesday, December 10; 11:30 am - 1:20 pm; Main 301*****
Assignments due at the time of the Final Exam: Capstone Paper; Reaction, Section 10

 


COURSE DESCRIPTION
SYLLABUS
COURSE OUTLINE
SLIDES
PROJECTS

A Guide to Writing in History and Classics