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Deponents are very simple in theory—they are "passive in form but active in meaning (and expectation!)"—but in practice they pose many problems.
The good news is that there are almost no new verb forms to learn in this chapter and the "deponent" verbs introduced here have only half the number of forms that regular verbs do because they exhibit only the "passive" voice, which means there's just that much less to memorize.
The bad news is that deponents appear to bend a rule hitherto inviolable, that passive and active verb-forms are discrete. Moreover, though deponents are passive-looking, they take direct objects.
Click here for a worksheet on deponents.
nascor: Corresponding to a passive form in English ("be born"), nascor comes from a common Indo-European base *gn- signifying birth or production (Greek genesis ["beginning"]; English kin; Latin gigno ["beget, create"]).
patior: In its sense "permit" (see Practice & Review, sentence 5), patior can take an accusative plus an infinitive . It has many important English derivatives, e.g. patience ("suffering") and passion ("suffering; later, the agony associated with love").
utor: Takes an ablative object. Latin has four other deponent verbs which take ablative objects, listed above in Rule 4 (cf. Wheelock, page 164, note 5). You should know all five, but in this class only utor will appear on tests.
egredior: = ex- + gradior ( "step, go"). The base verb gradior, gradi, gressus sum combines with prefixes to create quite a few Latin verbs: regredior, ingredior, progredior, congredior, etc.
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