©Damen, 2014

LATIN AND GREEK ELEMENTS IN ENGLISH

Answers to Ayers, English Words from Latin and Greek Elements, 2nd Edition (1986).
Be sure to put answers in the correct format, as below.

 

Lesson 5 (Greek), pp. 190-191

1. epi- into (sections)
TOM- cut
(noun)
"seen chapter by chapter, overview";
(a) typical thing
(b) summary

2. ec- out
CENTR- center
(noun)
"off-center"; the condition of being out of the ordinary

3. en- in, on
DEM- people
(adj.)
"found in a people"; peculiar to a certain people

4. anti- against
AGON- struggle
(adj.)
mutually opposed, conflicting

5. GLOSS- language
(noun)
"term from a foreign language"; list of special words with explanations

6. eu- good
THANAS- death
(noun)
painless killing, mercy killing

7. ex- out
OD- road
(noun)
departure, usually of a large group

8. epi- (up)on, against
DEM- people
(noun)
outbreak of a disease that affects many people in a population

9. PAN- all
DEM- people
(noun)
a disease striking a vast geographical area

10. exo- outside
GAM- marriage
(adj.)
marriage outside one's own group, clan, tribe, etc.

11. epi- on
TAPH- tomb
(noun)
"written on a tomb"; words inscribed on a tomb

12. a(n)- no
(H)EM- blood
(adj.)
"bloodless"; lacking strength, power or vigor

13. en- in
CYCL- circle
(noun)
"circulated letter"; a papal letter to bishops

14. dys- bad, disordered
TROPH- grow
(noun)
disease characterized by the progressive wasting away of muscle tissue

15. epi- upon, on
HEMER- day
(adj.)
lasting only a short time

16. apo- off, out
STOL- send
(adj.)
"(those) sent out (by Christ)"; coming from the Apostles

17. epi- to
STOL- send
(adj.)
"(things) sent to someone"; p.t. to letters

18. eu- good
LOG- speech
(noun)
a speech in praise of someone or something

19. eu- good
ANGEL- message
(adj.)
p.t. those Protestant sects which stress atonement through faith

20. epi- in addition, after
LOGUE- speech
(noun)
a concluding part to a book

 

Lesson 6 (Greek), pp. 194-195

1. syn- together
TAX- put in order
(noun)
word order in a sentence, sentence structure

2. meta- changed
PHOR- go
(noun)
"go in a different form"; an implied comparison

3. hypo- beneath
DERM- skin
(adj.)
injected under the skin

4. a(n)- not
(H)OM- regular
(noun)
"irregularity"; a departure from the usual rule

5. para- contrary to
DOX- teaching, observation
(adj.)
true but contrary to common sense

6. hyper- over
TROPH- grow
(noun)
excessive development

7. a- not
GNO- know
(adj.)
p.t. one who holds that the existence of God is unknowable

8. eu- good
PHOR- go
(noun)
"go to a good place"; a feeling of elation, well-being or happiness

9. meta- changed
BOL- put
(adj.)
p.t. the breakdown or build-up of substances involved in vital processes

10. syn- together
(H)OD- road, journey
(noun)
"meeting, assembly"; a church council

11. meta- different
MORPH- form
(adj./participle)
changed, transformed

12. para- alongside
PHER- bear
(noun)
extraneous material

13. pro- before
GNO- know
(verb)
to foretell from signs, predict

14. peri- near
GE- earth
(noun)
the point in an orbit in which a satellite is closest to Earth

15. hyper- over
BOL- throw
(noun)
an extravagant expression used for effect

16. anti- opposite
ONYM- word
(noun)
a word having a meaning opposite to another

17. en- in
DEM- people, population
(noun/substantive)
an animal prevalent in an area, a native animal

18. peri- around
PHER- go
(noun)
the outside boundary

19. syn- together
LOG- reasoning
(adj.)
"calculation"; p.t. a specious or devious argument

20. HOM- same
ONYM- word
(noun)
words having the same pronunciation or spelling but not the same meaning