©Damen, 2014

LATIN AND GREEK ELEMENTS IN ENGLISH

Answers to Ayers, English Words from Latin and Greek Elements, 2nd Edition (1986).
Be sure to put answers in the correct format, as below.

 

Lesson 8 (Greek), pp. 203-204

1. CHROMAT- color
-ic p.t.
(adj.)
of or containing color(s)

2. POLY- many
PHON- voice
(noun)
multiplicity of sounds, combination of melodies

3. syn- same
ONYM- name
-ous p.t.
(adj.)
having nearly the same meaning/effect

4. ETHN- race
-ic p.t.
(adj.)
racial, p.t. the groups of mankind

5. BIBLIo- book
PHIL- love
(noun)
a lover or collector of books

6. ASTR- star
-al p.t.
(adj.)
of or p.t. stars or heavenly bodies

7. TAUTo- same
LOG- word, thought
-ic/-al p.t.
-ly Eng. adverb
(adv.)
"using the same word"; repetitively without purpose, redundantly

8. CHROMAT- color
-ic p.t.
(adj.)
using or progressing by half-tones

9. dia- through
PHAN- show
-ous full of
(adj.)
"see-through"; transparent

10. dia- between
LECT- speak
-ics study of
(noun)
"art of conversation"; cf. dialogue, logical argumentation

11. THERM- heat
-al p.t.
(adj.)
having to do with heat

12. hyper- over, too much
CRI- judge
-tic/-al p.t.
(adj.)
excessively judgmental

13. POLY- many
GAM- marriage
-ous full of
(adj.)
having multiple wives or mates

14. dia- apart
CRI- separate
-tic/-al p.t.
(adj.)
used to distinguish sounds

15. eu- good
PHON- sound
-ious full of
(adj.)
pleasant or agreeable to the ear

16. ETHNo- race
CENTR- center
-ic p.t.
(adj.)
considering one's own race superior

17. PHILo- love
LOG- word(s)
-ic/-al p.t.
(adj.)
"lover of word-study"; p.t. literary classical scholarship

18. PHIL- love
ANTHROP- man(kind)
-ic p.t.
(adj.)
showing kindess or goodwill to humanity

19. a- not
MORPH- form, shape
-ous full of
(adj.)
having no definite shape or form

20. ec- out
LECT- choose
-ic p.t.
(adj.)
"t.t. be selected"; composed of various selections, disjointed

 

Lesson 9 (Greek), pp. 209-210

1. CHIRo- hand
POD- foot
-ist expert in
(noun)
orig, "hand/foot doctor"; now, foot doctor

2. POL- city, state
-ite inhabitant of
-ic p.t.
(adj.)
"urbane"; prudent, tactful

3. ORTHo- straight
PAED- child, grow
-ic p.t.
(adj.)
p.t. surgery dealing with skeletal deformity

4. HETERo- different
DOX- opinion
(adj.)
contrary to the standard opinion

5. GNOS- know
-tic p.t.
-ism belief in
(noun)
"rationalism"; early Christian mystical and philosophical heresy

6. PED- child
AGOGUE- lead(er)
(noun)
a dull, dogmatic teacher

7. POLY- many
THE- god
-ist one believing in
-ic p.t.
(adj.)
having to do with the belief in more than one god

8. ORTH- straight
ODONT- tooth
-ist expert in
(noun) dentist specializing
in straightening teeth

9. COSMo- universe
POL- state
-ite inhabitant of
(noun)
one who sees the world as home; one with international experience

10. peri- near
ODONT- tooth
-ist expert in
(noun)
specialist in gums or areas around the teeth

11. DEM- people
AGOGUE- lead
(noun)
"mob-leader"; a leader who appeals to the emotions and prejudices of the masses

12. NEo- new
LOG- word
-ist one engaged in
(noun)
a creator of new words

13. PAN- all THE- god
(a) -ism (noun) belief in;
(b) -ist one who
-ic p.t.
(adj.)
(p.t.) the belief that God pervades all reality

14. PED- child
IATR- physician
-ics science of
(noun)
branch of medicine dealing with the care and diseases of children

15. GEo- earth
POL- state
-ite inhabitant of
-ics study of
(noun)
study of the
influence of geography on government

16. syn- together
OP(T)- see
-(t)ic p.t.
(adj.)
having a general or wide view of a subject

17. TAX(i*)- arrange
DERM- skin(s)
-ist one working with
(noun)
one who prepares and mounts animal skins
[*-i comes from Greek noun taxis ("arrangement")]

18. BALL- throw
-ist that which
-ic p.t.
(adj.)
having been thrown mechanically (orig. from a catapult)

19. ORTHo- straight
DOX- opinion
(adj.)
conforming to established doctrine or procedure

20. POD- foot
IATR- care
-ist expert in
(noun)
a doctor who treats ailments of the foot