©Damen, 2014

LATIN AND GREEK ELEMENTS IN ENGLISH

Answers to Ayers, English Words from Latin and Greek Elements, 2nd Edition (1986).
Be sure to put answers in the correct format, as below.

 

Lesson 12 (Greek), pp. 224-226

1. THEo- god
crat one who rules by
-ic p.t.
(adj.)
p.t. a government in which a god is recognized as supreme ruler

2. GASTRo- stomach
-nom(y) art of
-ic/-al p.t.
(adj.)
p.t. to the art of good eating

3. DERMATo- skin
-log(y) study of
-ist one engaged in
(noun)
one skilled in medicine dealing with the skin

4. PSEUD- false
ONYM- name
(noun)
a name used in place of a real name, a pen name

5. GYNECo- woman
-logy study of
(noun)
the branch of medicine that deals with women and their diseases

6. ANDR- man
-oid like
(substantive)
in science fiction, an automaton made to resemble a human being

7. CHRONo- time
log(y) system of
-ic/-al p.t.
(adj.)
according to order in or through time

8. ARCHAEo- ancient
-log(y) study of
-ist one engaged in
(noun)
experts in the scientific study of ancient times

9. HELIo- sun
TROP- turn
-ic p.t.
(adj.)
bending or growing in response to the sun

10. BI- life, living
OP- see
-sy act of
(noun used as adj.)
removal and examination of living tissue

11. IDEo- idea
-log(y) system of
-ic/-al p.t.
(adj.)
p.t. a systematic or standard body of ideas

12. MICRo- small
COSM- universe
(noun)
a smaller unity which reflects a larger one

13. TAXo- arrange
-nomy system of laws
(noun)
the science of classifying plants and animals

14. NECRo- the dead
MANC- divine by means of
-y state of
(noun)
"magic through contact with the dead"; magic, enchantment

15. PSYCH- mind
IATR- physician
-y act of
(noun)
the treatment of mental and emotional disorders

16. ANTHROPo- man(kind)
-log(y) study of
- ist one engaged in
(noun)
specialist in the science of man

17. PALEo- old
LITH- stone
-ic p.t.
(adj.)
p.t. the earliest period of the Stone Age

18. AUTo- self
-nomy system of laws governing
(noun)
independence, self-government

19. ETHNo- race
-log(y) study of
-ist one engaged in
(noun)
a specialist in the origin and customs of various human groups

20. AUTo- by one's self
-crat one who rules
-ic p.t.
(adj.)
having the highest or only authority or power

 

Lesson 13 (Greek), pp. 229-231

1. HIER- holy
-archy rule by
(noun)
(a) church government
(b) a system arranged into rank, grade or class

2. PATR- father
ONYM- name
-ic p.t.
(substantive)
a name derived from a father's or paternal ancestor's

3. ACRo- highest
POLIS- city
(noun)
the highest part of a city, the central citadel of Athens

4. EGO- I, self
-maniac one having a madness for
(noun)
an extremely conceited person

5. PATR- father
-ist one who (is)
-ic p.t.
(adj.)
p.t. the Church fathers and their writings

6. PYRo- fire
-maniac one having a
madness for
(noun)
one who has a great desire to start fires

7. TELE- from afar
PATH- feeling
-y act of
(noun)
communication without speech or sensory contact

8. ACRo- highest
-phobia fear of
(noun)
fear of being in high places

9. a(n)- not
ARCH- chief, head
-y state of
(noun)
complete absence of government, political chaos

10. THEo- god
SOPH- wise, knowledge
-y state of
(noun)
a philosophy or religion claiming insight into God

11. XENo- foreigner
-phobia fear of
(noun)
fear or hatred of foreigners

12. HYDRo- water
DYNAM- power
-ics system of
(noun)
the science dealing with the force of liquids in motion

13. EGO- I, self
CENTR- center
-ic p.t.
(adj.)
self-centered, selfish

14. HOMo- same
LOG- proportion
-ous p.t.
(adj.)
corresponding in structure or position

15. OLIG- few
-archy rule by
(noun)
a type of government in which only a few people rule, aristocracy

16. NECRo- the dead
-logy list of
(noun)
list of dead people, obituary

17. PATRI- family
ARCH- chief, head
-al p.t.
(adj.)
appropriate to a leader of a clan, venerable

18. MEGALo- large
-mania madness for
(noun)
a mental disorder marked by delusions of grandeur

19. ACRo- extremities
MEGAL- large
-y condition of
(noun)
abnormal enlargement of hands, feet and face

20. PALEo- most ancient
ZO- life
-ic p.t.
(adj.)
the geologic era in which the earliest forms of life appear