©Damen, 2014

LATIN AND GREEK ELEMENTS IN ENGLISH

Answers to Ayers, English Words from Latin and Greek Elements, 2nd Edition (1986).
Be sure to put answers in the correct format, as below.

 

Lesson 15 (Greek), pp. 239-240

1. anti- against
NOM- law
-ian p.t.
-ism practice of
(noun)
arbitrary contrariness to the law or standards

2. anti- opposite
PHON- voice
-y act of
(noun)
the responsive singing of verses in harmony by two choirs

3. COSMo- universe
-log(y) study of
-ist one engaged in
(noun)
one who studies the universe and its laws

4. para- different
PHRA- say, speak
-se result of
(noun)
restatement of words into a different form

5. apo- away
STROPH- turn
-ize to
(verb)
to stop and address a remote party, digress

6. a- not
TYP- model
-ic/-al p.t.
(adj.)
irregular

7. meta- changed
THE- put
-sis act of
(noun)
the transposition of sounds or letters

8. para- beside, aside
-en in
THE- put
-tic/-al p.t.
(adj.)
p.t. asides which serve to explain

9. peri- around
PHRA- speak
-sis act of
(noun)
roundabout expression (cf. circumlocution)

10. LITHo- stone
-graph writing
(noun)
print made from a stone or metal plate on which ink is daubed

11. meta- changed
STA- stand, be
-sis result of
(noun)
instance of the transference of a disease between parts of the body

12. POLY- many
GON- angle
-al p.t.
(adj.)
having many, sharp angles

13. syn- together
BIo- life
-sis act of
(noun)
the intimate coexistence of organisms for their mutual benefit

14. epi- on
LEP- seize
-tic p.t.
(adj.)
p.t. a mental disorder characterized by convulsions and loss of consciousness

15. cata- down, bad
STROPH- turn
-ic p.t.
(adj.)
characterized by widespread calamity

16. CANON- accepted list (of saints)
-ize to
(verb)
to treat as a saint, glorify

17. AUT- (for one)self
OP- see
-sy act of
(noun)
a coroner's (own) examination of a dead body, post-mortem

18. en- in(to)
ERG- work
-ize to add
(verb)
to impart energy into, apply voltage to

19. MESo- middle part of
ZO- animal
-ic p.t.
(adj.)
p.t. the interval of life on earth between 220 and 70 million years ago

20. syn- together
CHRON- time
-ize to make
(verb)
to cause to move in unison

 

Lesson 16 (Greek), pp. 242-244

1. MONo- one, lone
-mania madness for
(noun)
excessive interest in one thing, one's obsession

2. MONo- one, only
THE- god
-ist one believing in
-ic p.t.
(adj.)
p.t. a belief in the existence of only one god

3. PENTA- five
GON- angle, corner
-al p.t.
(adj.)
having five angles and sides

4. MONo- one
GAM- marriage
-ous p.t.
(adj.)
having only one mate during a lifetime

5. POLY- many
syn- together
LAB- take, understand
-ic/-al p.t.
-ly English adverb
(adverb)
in a manner characterized by the use of big words

6. HOMo- same
GEN- kind
-ize to make
(verb; participle)
to make uniform or similar

7. HEXA- six
-meter measure
(noun)
a poetic line having six feet

8. PROT- first, primary
AGON- struggle, contest
-ist one engaged in
(noun)
the main character of a play

9. MONo- one, only
LITH- stone
(a) (noun) large stone
(b) -ic p.t. (adj.) imposing, solitary

10. PROTo- first
TYP- model
(noun)
an original model, the first full-scale functioning model

11. MONo- one
CHROM- color
(noun)
a mass of single color

12. STEREo- solid
-scop(e) instrument for viewing
-ic p.t.
(adj.)
allowing things to be seen in depth

13. MONo- one, single
-gram thing written
(noun)
design consisting of a person's initials made into one character

14. DI- two
LEM- take, go
-ma result of
(noun)
a situation that involves a choice between two equally unpleasant alternatives

15. TRI- three
-logy system of
(noun)
group of three related plays written by one author

16. DICHo- in two
TOM- cut
-y state of
(noun)
division into two parts

17. MON- alone
-ast one engaged in
-ic p.t.
(adj.)
resembling life in seclusion

18. PROTo- first, primitive
ZO- animal
-an p.t.
(substantive)
primitive animal consisting of one cell

19. MONo- one
-graph thing written
(noun)
scholarly treatise on one particular subject

20. MONo- one, only
LOGUE- speech
(noun)
a dramatic passage in which only one character speaks

 

ANSWERS (Exercise III, p. 244)

1. e
2. h
3. a
4. j
5. b

6. i
7. d
8. f
9. c
10. g