©Damen, 2014

LATIN AND GREEK ELEMENTS IN ENGLISH

Answers to Ayers, English Words from Latin and Greek Elements, 2nd Edition (1986).
Be sure to put answers in the correct format, as below.

 

Lesson 24 (Latin), pp. 133-4: Words with uncommon meanings

1. ad- very
GRAV- heavy
-ate to make
(verb)
to load on

2. con- very
FORT- strong
-able able to be
(adj.)
strengthening, supporting

3. con- together
VEN(i)- come
-ence state of
(noun)
agreement

4. con- very much
VERS- turn
-ion act of
(noun)
action of revolving

5. con- completely
VINC- conquer
-ed Eng. participle
(participle)
overcome

6. DECIM- ten(th)
-at(e) to (take)
-ing Eng. participle
(participle)
tithing

7. de- down from
DUCT- lead
-ed Eng. participle
(participle)
settled

8. de- down
JECT- throw
(verb)
to evict

9. de- down
PEND- hang
(verb)
to hang

10. ex- out
CURS- run
-ion act of
(noun)
projection

11. FACT- do
(noun)
a thing done, crime

12. ob- in the way
JECT- throw
(verb)
to expose

13. pre- forth
TEND- stretch
(verb)
to offer

14. pre- forth, before
VAL- be strong
-ent -ing
(adj.)
stronger

15. pre- before
VENT- come
(verb)
to act beforehand, anticipate

16. pro- forth
DUC- lead
(participle)
lengthened, extended

17. PUNCT- point
u(ous) t.t.
-ate to
(verb)
to point out

18. trans- across
LAT- carry
-ed Eng. participle
(participle)
transferred

 

Lesson 24 (Latin), pp. 135-136

1. pre- forward
CIPIT- head
-ate being
(adj.)
headlong, hasty, in a great rush

2. ex- out, former
PATRI- fatherland
-ate being
(substantive)
an exile from his homeland

3. re- back, away
NUNCI- announce
-at(e) verb suffix
-ion act of
(noun)
rejection, abandonment

4. in- not
AUD- hear
-ible able to be
(adj.)
unable to be heard

5. pre- before
SCI- know
-ent -ing
(adj.)
having foresight

6. ART(i)- art, skill
FACT- make
(noun)
a man-made object, tool, ornament

7. re- back (up)
PLET- fill
(adj.)
full, abundantly provided

8. in- in, on
VID- see, look (down)
-ious full of
(adj.)
"look on (with contempt)"; causing ill will

9. ex- out (loud)
NUNCI- announce
-ate to
(verb)
to state, utter

10. SAT- enough
-iety state of
(noun)
condition of being overly gratified or having had too much

11. SENT- feel, think
-ent showing
-ious having the character. of
-ly Eng. adverb suffix
(adverb)
in a moralizing manner

12. CARN- flesh
-al p.t.
(adj.)
fleshly, sexual

13. con- together
PORT- carry
(verb)
conduct, behave

14. ob- against
PRESS- press
-ion act of
(noun)
the imposition of unreasonable burdens

15. ex- out, comletely
PROPRI- one's own
-ate to
(verb)
to take, make something one's own property

16. con- with, very much
TENT- strive, fight
-ious full of
(adj.)
quarrelsome

17. re- back
PRESS- press, push
-ive t.t.
(adj.)
tending to restrain harshly

18. in- not
con- very much
SEQU- follow
-ent -ing
-ial p.t.
(adj.)
irrelevant

19. AUD- hear
-it(e) verb suffix
-ory serving for
(adj.)
p.t. hearing

20. in- in
CARN- flesh
-ate being
(adj.)
in person, personified, in human form

 

Lesson 25 (Latin), pp. 137-138: Latin words and phrases in English

1. AG- do
-end(um) that which must
be -ed
(noun)
list of "things that have to be done"

2. ANIM- feeling
(noun)
"(strong negative) feeling"; ill will, violent hatred

3. con- together
GER- carry, bring
(noun; n.b. singular!)
"accumulation, heap"; collection

4. con- together
SENS- feel
(noun)
"agreement, concord"; collective opinion, general agreement

5. con- very much
RIG- straighten
-end(um) that which must be -ed (pl. -a)
(noun)
"thing(s) to be corrected" (pl. list of errors); error(s)

6. CRED- believe
(noun)
"I believe"; statement of belief

7. CRUC- cross
(noun)
"cross"; central issue

8. DICT- say
(noun)
"word"; saying, maxim

9. ex- out
FLU(V)- flow
(noun)
"flow-outs, outlets"; noxious vapor, offensive odor

10. ex- from
TEMPOR- time, moment
(adj.)
"from the time being"; off the cuff, offhand, without preparation

11. GRAT- grateful
(adv.)
"out of gratitude"; free of charge

12. inter- between
(adj.)
"in the meantime"; provisional

13. MINUT- small
(noun; n.b. plural)
"smallnesses"; trifling or insignificant detail(s)

14. OMN- all
(adj.)
"for all"; including all sorts of different items

15. pro- forth
SPECT- look
(noun)
"outlook"; a brief sketch of a proposed commercial enterprise