©Damen, 2014

LATIN AND GREEK ELEMENTS IN ENGLISH

 

FAMILIAR LATIN ABBREVIATIONS IN ENGLISH

  ABBREVIATION ORIGINAL LATIN PHRASE ENGLISH TRANSLATION SITUATION IN WHICH ABBREVIATION IS USED
1. A.M. ante meridiem "before noon" when telling time
2. cf. confer "compare" when comparing two things; research and technical writing
3. e.g. exempli gratia "for example" when giving an example; research and technical writing
4. et al. et alibi "and elsewhere" when suggesting that there are other pertinent data (but not citing them in detail); research and technical writing
5. et al. et alii "and others," "and the other people" when suggesting that there are other pertinent data (but not citing them in detail); research and technical writing
6. etc. et cetera "and the rest," "and the other things" when suggesting that there are other pertinent data (but not citing them in detail); research and technical writing
7. ibid. ibidem "in the same place" when citing a preceding reference; research and technical writing
8. id. idem "the same" when citing the same reference as the one immediately preceding; research and technical writing
9. i.e. id est "that is" when restating something
10. loc. cit. loco citato "in the place cited" when citing the same reference as the one immediately preceding; research and technical writing
11. N.B. nota bene "note well" when calling something to the reader's attention
12. P.M. post meridiem "after noon" when telling time
13. QED quod erat demonstrandum "which was to be proven" when closing a formal argument, refers to the central thesis under consideration; logical argumentation
14. R.I.P. requiescat in pace "may he/she rest in peace" tombstone
15. sc. scilicet "doubtless" when restating or clarifying something; research and technical writing
16. s.v. sub verbo or sub voce "under the word or heading" when referencing another entry in a dictionary and encyclopedia; research and technical writing
17. v. vide "see" when referencing another entry in a dictionary and encyclopedia; research and technical writing
18. viz. videlicet "namely" when restating or clarifying something; research and technical writing