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The International Plutarch Society

Guidelines for Contributors to Ploutarchos n.s.

1. Languages. Manuscripts may be written in any of the official languages of the IPS: English, French, German, modern Greek, Italian, Portuguese, and Spanish.

2. Abstracts: Articles should include an abstract in English not longer than seven lines.

3. Format: Manuscripts must be typed or printed double-spaced on letter-size paper (DIN A 4), with a maximum of 30 lines per page and a left-hand margin of not less than 4 cm. The length of manuscripts must not exceed 25 pages without previous agreement with the editors. We should very much appreciate this version on paper to be accompanied by an electronic version (PC Microsoft Word Windows) on either floppy disk or, better still, as an attached file to an e-mail message.

4. Bibliography: The text of the paper should be followed by a list of references, including at least those works cited more than twice in the notes.

5. Citations in notes: Names of ancient authors should not be capitalized, names of modern authors should be written in versalitas only when in notes or in the bibliography: K. ZIEGLER (note), but K. Ziegler (main text).

A) Frequent citations (more than twice): Refer to bibliography, citing by author’s name, year of edition, and pages: e.g. K. Ziegler, 1951, col. 800.

B) Single citations: Either follow the procedure indicated in 5 A) or incorporate the entire reference in the notes, according to the following conventions, which are the same as for the bibliography (with the single exception that in the bibliography the surname should precede the initial, e.g. ZIEGLER, K., “Plutarchos von Chaironeia”, RE XXI (1951), cols. 636-962.

a) Books: Author (in the case of joint authorship, separated by a comma, with the final name preceded by &), comma, title of work in italics, comma, volume in Roman numerals (where applicable), comma, place of publication, comma, year (with superscript number of editions if not the first, and year of the first edition in parenthesis), comma, and cited pages:
- D. A. RUSSELL, Plutarch, London, 1973, pp. 3-5.

b) Articles: Author, comma, title in quotation marks, comma, name of the journal (for the abbreviations of journals follow the conventions of L’Année Philologique), comma, volume number in Arabic numerals, year in parenthesis, and pages (without abbreviation if they correspond to the entire article):
- C. P. JONES, “Towards a Chronology of Plutarch’s Works”, JRS, 56 (1966) 61-74.
- C. P. JONES, “Towards a Chronology of Plutarch’s Works”, JRS, 56 (1966), p. 65.

c) Works in collaborative volumes: Cite as with articles, followed by the citation of the collaborative work (if cited several times, according to the same conventions as under 5A above): e.g.: F. E. BRENK, “Tempo come struttura nel dialogo Sul Daimonion di Socrate di Plutarco”, in G. D’IPPOLITO & I. GALLO (eds.), Strutture formali dei Moralia di Plutarco. Atti del III Convegno plutarcheo, Palermo, 3-5 maggio 1989, Napoli, 1991, pp. 69-82.

6. Citations from ancient authors: Author, comma, work, book (Arabic numerals), full stop, chapter (Arabic numerals), comma, paragraph (Arabic numerals), or: Author, comma, book (Roman numbers), chapter or verse (Arabic numerals), full stop, paragraph (Arabic numerals).

a) Abbreviations of Greek works and authors: for preference, cite according to conventions of Liddell & Scott or of the DGE edited by F.R. Adrados & others.

b) Abbreviations of Latin works and authors: follow the Thesaurus Linguae Latinae.

c) Examples:

- Authors cited with title of work: X., Mem. 4.5,2-3; Plu., Arist. 5.1; Hom., Od. 10.203.
- Authors cited without title of work: B., I 35; Paus., V 23.5; D. S., XXXI 8.2.

7. Notes references: References (in Arabic numbers) to the foot notes must precede always the signs of punctuation, e.g.: “...correspondait à l’harmonie psychique1. Dans le Timée2 et la République3, ...”

8. Greek Fonts: For Greek texts, use Graeca or Greek.


The Society exists to further the study of Plutarch and his various writings and to encourage scholarly communication between those working on Plutarchan studies.

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