Identify the Role of Milk and Milk products on Nutrition and Health Issues of Importance for Adults Fifty Years of Age and Older

Principal Investigator:

Ann W. Sorenson, Utah State University

Co-Investigators:

Gary Straquadine, Judith Hallfrisch

Project Summary:

Using questionnaires derived from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, we assessed the vitamin A intake of adults in populations in Utah and Geneva Switzerland.  During 1999, we found the mean intake for Utah women was 3969 RE /dayand 2880RE/day for men.  However, in Utah, the contribution of liquid supplements (like Ensure), which increases with age, is substantial; 784RE/day for women and 347RE/day for men.  The mean intake from food sources alone is 2113RE/day (246% RDA) for Utah women compared to 953RE/day (119%) for women in Geneva.  For Utah men, the vitamin a intake is 2001RE/day (200% RDA) verses 1018RE/day (102%) for men in Geneva. (US means for women = 1170 RE/day, men = 1419 RE/day).  The food sources of vitamin A also differed between the two populations.  In Utah, the food sources contributing the most dietary Vitamin A (with the percentage of persons consuming the food in parentheses) were: liquid supplement (11%), carrots (72%), cold cereal (83%), liver (12%), hard cheeses (85%) and mixed vegetables (71%).  For Geneva, the most important sources of Vitamin A were: liver (27%), carrots (88%), fruit tarts (71%), lettuce salad (97%), cheese (89%) and berries (65%). 

Supported in part by USDA/Utah State University Experiment Station and the Western Dairy Center

Publications:

Smith, K, Yelton, J, Sorenson, AW. (2004) A Novel Method of Generating Individual Communications for Participants in Large Surveys. European J. Social and Prevent. Med; 49(3)290-292.

Published Abstracts:

Pfister, R, Sorenson, AW, Smith, K (2004) Relating the Intake of Animal Products with 6 Cronic Diseases in the Aging Population in Utah. FASEB Journal; 18(6) #271, Abstract 271.2

Sorenson, AW, Pfister, R, Smith, K (2004) Identifying the Role of Milk and Milk Products on Nutritional and Health Issues for Adults Fifty Years of Age and Older. FASEB Journal; 18(6) C-78, Abstract 582.5

Vitamin A Intakes in Two Populations. Sorenson, Ph.D.1, R. Cutler, Ph.D.1, A. Morabia, M.D., Ph.D.2, C. Delhumeau, M.P.H.2, M. Bernstein, M.D.2,  M. Constanza, Ph.D.2 ,  1Utah State University, 2Division of Clinical Epidemiology, Geneva University Hospitals, Vitamin A Intake of Two Populations, Abstracts of the Society of Experimental Biologists (EB), April 20-24, 2002, New Orleans, Louisiana, Program, Session on Surveillance of Diet and Nutritional Status, No. 492.2 , From the World Wide Web: http://submissions.miracd.com/eb2002itinerary/SearchResult.asp

Using questionnaires derived from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, we assessed the vitamin A intake of adults in populations in Utah and Geneva Switzerland.  During 1999, we found the mean intake for Utah women was 3969 RE /dayand 2880RE/day for men.  However, in Utah, the contribution of liquid supplements (like Ensure), which increases with age, is substantial; 784RE/day for women and 347RE/day for men.  The mean intake from food sources alone is 2113RE/day (246% RDA) for Utah women compared to 953RE/day (119%) for women in Geneva.  For Utah men, the vitamin a intake is 2001RE/day (200% RDA) verses 1018RE/day (102%) for men in Geneva. (US means for women = 1170 RE/day, men = 1419 RE/day).  The food sources of vitamin A also differed between the two populations.  In Utah, the food sources contributing the most dietary Vitamin A (with the percentage of persons consuming the food in parentheses) were: liquid supplement (11%), carrots (72%), cold cereal (83%), liver (12%), hard cheeses (85%) and mixed vegetables (71%).  For Geneva, the most important sources of Vitamin A were: liver (27%), carrots (88%), fruit tarts (71%), lettuce salad (97%), cheese (89%) and berries (65%). 

Supported in part by USDA/Utah State University Experiment Station and the Western Dairy Center

Presentations:

Sorenson, AW, R Cutler, A. Morabia, C. Delhumeau, M Bernstein, M, Constanza, 2002: Vitamin A Intakes in Two Populations, Poster session, Society of Experimental Biologists (EB), Proceedings of the Society of Experimental Biologists (EB), April 20-24, 2002, New Orleans, Louisiana, Program, Session on Surveillance of Diet and Nutritional Status, No. 492.2, Poster No. C214

Sorenson, AW, B Athas, What Utah Seniors are currently eating and how to make better dietary choices, one-hour breakout session, Utah Geontological Society annual meeting, October 29-30, 2002, Park City, Utah

Delhumeau, C, Sorenson, AW, Smith, K. 2003: The association between dairy products and four chronic diseases in people age 50 years and older, Poster session, Society of experimental Biologists (EB), Proceedings of the Society of Experimental Biologists (EB), Vol. 17, April 11-15, 2003, San Diego, California, Special Interest in Epidemiological Research Group Doctoral and post-doctoral poster competition, April 14, 2003, 6:00 p.m.

Sorenson, AW, 2003: The relationship between dairy products and calcium with selected chronic diseases in people 50 years of age and older in Utah, Power Point presentation, Annual Western Dairy Center Conference, June 13, 2003, Eccels Conference Center, Logan, Utah